Emanuel Mendel

Emanuel Mendel (Photo: Julius Schaarwächter, public domain)

Emanuel Mendel, born on 28 October 1839 in Bunzlau, was a neurologist and married to Susanne, née Lindon (1 September 1849, Berlin to 19 November 1918, Berlin). The couple had four children: Gertrud, Charlotte, Fritz and Kurt.

Mendel, who represented the unity of neurology and psychiatry, was one of the pioneering neurologists of his time. He ran his private practice in Pankow. From 1868 onwards, he built his own private psychiatric clinic in Pankow at the same time, which quickly became widely known. 1871 he hospitated at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-University Berlin and taught there successfully from 1884 as an extraordinary professor.

In 1892 Mendel founded the periodical Neurologisches Centralorgan. He also became active in the Fortschrittspartei ("Party of Progress"), was a member of the district council of Niederbarnim (Brandenburg) and was a member of the Reichstag for Potsdam from 1877 to 1881. By donating land, he made it possible for Pankow, where he lived and worked, to build a municipal waterworks, initiated the construction of a hospital and established a charity. In 1893, Mendel was one of the founders of the Central-Verein deutscher Staatsbürger jüdischen Glaubens (Central Association of German Citizens of the Jewish Faith) and was also a member of the board. In 1906 he was awarded the title of Geheimer Medizinalrat. Emanuel Mendel died on 23 June 1907 in Pankow/Berlin.

The children of Emanuel and Susanne Mendel were persecuted as Jewish in Nazi Germany. It has to be assumed that the book was taken from one of the four children.

Gertrud Adler, née Mendel, was born in Berlin on 28 June 1875. She was deported from Berlin to Theresienstadt in 1942 and murdered.

Charlotte Gradenwitz, née Mendel, was born in Berlin on 5 October 1883. She was able to emigrate from Germany to the United States in 1938 and thus survived the Holocaust. Charlotte Gradenwitz died in Israel in 1971.

Fritz Mendel was born in Berlin on April 30, 1872. He committed suicide on 28 January 1939 to avoid deportation.

Kurt Mendel was born on 27 January 1874. Like his father, he was a neurologist. Dr. Kurt Mendel survived the Holocaust. He died in Berlin in 1946.

The path of access of the volume to the stock of the ZLB is unclear and could not be traced. The object was found in unprocessed depot holdings of the Berlin City Library.

The book was handed over to the Archive of the Jewish Museum of Berlin at the request of the heirs.

Additional information

The restituted objects at lootedculturalassets.de